The Mediterranean. Your Questions Answered

the mediterranean

Popularly known as the “sea between the lands,” the Mediterranean is an intercontinental sea. Readers from around the world have many questions about the Mediterranean Sea. We are answering the most popular questions by our readers here.

What Does Mediterranean mean?

Mediterranean means surrounded closely or entirely by land. The word the Mediterranean comes from the Latin word mediterraneus, meaning ‘inland’ or (medius “middle” + terra, ‘land, earth’) and in Greek “mesogeios.” In West Asia, the Mediterranean Sea borders the Atlantic Ocean, and in the East, it separates Europe and Africa. The Sea has been dubbed the “incubator of Western civilization” because of its role in civilization.
According to, the Sea occupies 2,510,000 square km (970 000 square miles). It currently borders 21 countries covering a surface area of 2km2 to 2.4million km2 coastlines. They are Cyprus, Albania, Croatia, Algeria, Spain, Egypt, France, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Montenegro, Malta, Monaco, Slovenia, Syria, Greece, Tunisia, Morocco, Turkey, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Who Are Mediterranean people?

Mediterranean people are people living in countries on the Mediterranean coast. According to Carleton S. Coon, the Mediterranean people are of short or medium height, a mesocephalic (medium) skull, narrow, aquiline nose, dark eyes, hair, and a cream, tan or dark brown skin tone. In the late 19th and mid-20th centuries, a Mediterranean race was a sub-race of the present Caucasian race.

Are there sharks in the Mediterranean?

Yes, there are sharks in the Mediterranean Sea. The sea is considered to be home to 47 species of sharks. Most of them are harmless, but there are seven killer species.
The killing species include; the Great White sharks, Tiger Bull, Blue Shark, Sand Tiger, Hammerhead, Blacktip Shark, and the Bull Shark. Some of the other shark species in the Mediterranean Sea are; Angel shark, Scalloped hammerhead, Shortnose, and Thresher shark.
Most shark attacks tend to happen on the coasts of Greece, Italy, and Yugoslavia. It is important to note that at least two out of every three European shark attacks turn fatal.

How deep is the Mediterranean?

The deepest point is 5,267 meters (about 3.27 miles) in the Calypso Deep in the Ionian Sea. The sea is 1,500m (4,920ft) in depth. The Sea is also large, 2.5 million km2 (965,000 sq mi).

What is the largest island in the Mediterranean?

The largest Island is Sicily Island at 25,834 square km. Sicily has about 5 million inhabitants, and after Sicily is Sardinia Island and Cyprus Island.

Does the Mediterranean have coral reefs?

Unlike many parts of the world, the Sea does not have coral reefs. Regardless, the sea contains diverse underwater life. 40% of the marine species within this Sea originate from the region and can only be found within the ocean.
For example, the Posidonia (or Neptune Grass) sea beds that make up a distinctive ecosystem that can only be found in this Sea contains nearly 25% of the sea’s aquatic life. The sea’s waters are usually crystal clear and warm, and the sea calm makes it easy to sport its numerous colorful marine species and underwater environs.

Is the Mediterranean diet low carb?

No, the diet is not a low-carb diet. On the contrary, the diet often empathize inclusion of healthy fats and healthy carbs. Most of the fats result from unrefined, fiber-rich foods, which means good fats. It is also rich in vegetables, seeds, nuts, fruit, fish, and small amounts of fish and meat.
The diet greatly ensures lower-than-expected heart disease rates amongst people living in the region. Since people lead an active lifestyle of physical activity, good social support, great wine, and regular meal patterns, many factors may contribute to the overall excellent health.
According to Harvard Health Publishing, there is evidence that this diet can reduce the development of diabetes and cardiovascular risk. Enjoy the best food and drinks this country has to offer.

What is the Mediterranean climate?

The climate is known majorly as the Koppen classification type climate, which usually has hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. It is located between 30° and 45° latitude north and south of the Equator on the western sides of the continents.
The climate characteristically occurs in California, South-Western Australia, Chile, and South Africa. The largest area that gets the climate is the Mediterranean Basin, thus the climate’s name. Some stretches of the coast like Egypt, part of Tunisia, and Libya are arid hence needing classification. However, the regions that often experience this climate are primarily on the Mediterranean Sea.  

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