If you’re looking for a place that has it all—history, culture, and a whole lot of beauty—Anghiari is the perfect destination. Located in Tuscany, Anghiari is home to the stunning National Museum of Palazzo Pretorio, which houses artifacts from the town’s history.
It is located about 30 miles from Arezzo and 45 miles from Florence. The town has a population of about 5,000 people and is known for its beautiful landscapes and rich history. The most famous part of Anghiari’s history is the Battle of Anghiari, which took place in 1440. This battle was one of the biggest military confrontations between Florence and Milan that took place during the Italian Renaissance and resulted in victory for Milan.
History of Anghiari
The town was founded in the 5th century BC by the Etruscans, who named it Antheia. The town was conquered by Rome around 320 BC. The Romans built a large temple dedicated to Juno Sospita, which stood until its destruction by Totila in 549 AD. After this time, Anghiari was mostly abandoned until the 8th century AD. It was re-settled by Benedictine monks who built a monastery here. The town remained under their rule until 1540 when it became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
Palazzo Petrorio has been identified as a VII century Lombard castle which was actually built on pre-existing Roman ruins. It is located in the oldest part of the town.
Today it has a façade decorated with coats of arms of various vicars and podestà that succeeded in justice administration on behalf of the Florentine government.
Piazza Baldaccio and the Galleria Magi
Piazza Baldaccio and the Galleria Magi are in the main square at the base of the city. They are named after warriors from the famous battle. On the road that separates the Piazza from the “Galleria di Magi” you will have a truly unique perspective of the valley. It gives you the idea of just how high you are in a landscape that appears to be completely flat .
The modern arcade next to the square was built in the late 1800’s to house the weekly market and it now serves as a connection between the new and old parts of town.